What are stem cells and stem cell therapy?

Stem cells are cells that have the incredible ability to develop into different cell types in the body. When a stem cell divides, it will either stay a stem cell or become another type of cell that has a specialized function such as a red blood cell or muscle cell.

Our body runs by the function of different types of cell. Red blood cells for example carry oxygen around our in the blood, but they do not have the ability to divide. Stem cells replace function cells that are damaged or abnormal. Two abilities that enable them to do this:

  • Stem cells do this by dividing multiple times to create new cells.
  • These new cells replace the damaged/abnormal cells such as red blood cells or muscle cells.

Stem cell therapy is the process of gathering cells from an area where healthy cells are abundant and injecting those healthy cells into an area of the body where there are damaged or aging cells.

Stem cells are critical for development of human body with all its specialized cell types and organs such as the muscle cell, brain, liver, eggs, and other tissues. Stem cells offer new treatment options for diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Stem cells can also be used to treat diseases through replacement of damaged tissues and cells in conditions including spinal cord injury, burns, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Stem cell therapy enhances the reparative response of injured or abnormal tissue using stem cells. These stem cells are used to repair the damaged tissue or organ.


  • Osteoarthritis of the knee, hip, ankle, shoulder, hands 

  • Patients with non-healing bone fractures 

  • Certain types of injuries to the meniscus, hip labrum, shoulder labrum, shoulder SLAP lesions 

  • Tendon injuries such a partial rotator cuff or other partial muscle-tendon tears 

  • Avascular necrosis of the hip, shoulder, knee, ankle 

Mode of treatment

Stem cells are grown in a lab. This lab could be part of doctor’s facility. These stem cells are made in order to differentiate into specific types of cells, such as muscle cells, blood cells or nerve cells. These differentiated stem cells can be injected into a damaged or abnormal tissue or organ such as the knee or spinal cord. 

Once injected into affected area, these stem cells work towards restoring the damaged tissue / organ so that it could function normally. 

Different types of stem cells 

Embryonic stem cells: Embryonic stem cells provide new cells for an embryo as it grows and develops into a baby. 

 Adult stem cells: Adult stem cells provide healthy cells to replace damaged cells. Adult stem cells are multi-potent, which means they replace only the cells that are damaged. 


Stem Cell Treatment as an alternative to surgery. 

Does the idea of surgery scare you? Consider stem cell therapy.  

Try not to feel bad if your first reaction to “maybe we should start exploring knee replacement surgery,”  

We know that all surgeries—regardless of type—carry some inherent risks, like adverse reactions to anesthesia, post-op infections, blood clots, your body rejecting the implant, etc. And everybody understands that the recovery time for a total knee replacement is long and frustrating. To add insult to injury, the likelihood of your experiencing one of these risks increases as you age. 

Thanks to advancements in the use of stem cell treatment for joints such as knees, surgery is not the only option. There have been many innovations in the use of stem cells, e.g. for knee injuries and arthritis. 

While stem cells may come from various sources, our practice focuses on using patient’s own cells. As adults we are constantly regenerating our tissues and organs. In fact, all healing relies on our body’s own natural ability to heal itself.  

Stem cells are, essentially, “building blocks” of our body. 

Our own stem cells found in our bone marrow, blood, and adipose tissues come from the same family of cells that form joints, cartilage, menisci, ligaments, muscles and bone. These cells can be utilized to help repair your joints. 

Stem cell injections can exponentially reduce a person’s need for surgery. For e.g. instead of having to replace a knee with an artificial implant, stem cell therapy in knee-joints can be used to regrow new and healthy tissues that has been damaged or are degenerating. 

Learn how you can benefit. Find out if stem cell treatment is right for you by calling to make an appointment, and taking to medical expert. 

Frequently Asked questions

How long is a stem cell therapy procedure?

Procedures will last between 2-5 hours depending on what type of stem cell treatment is being administered. This is a same-day (outpatient) procedure and does not require an overnight hospital stay.

Are there any moral issues associated with adult Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cells used during treatment come from your own body.

Is this procedure covered by insurance?

Lab work and any additional testing, e.g. x-rays or scans would generally be coved by the insurance (based on coverage). The actual treatment is NOT covered by insurance and has to be borne as out-of-pocket cost.

How much is the out-of-pocket cost to get the treatment?

This treatment cost will in the ballpark of $35,00 to $ 4500.00. Pricing can be reduced according to number of joints.

Thinking of joint replacement?
Consider stem cell therapy as the best option

Call us for to get second opinion from our board-certified physician, who has fellowship in stem cell therapy.